Is related to a brain injury that occurs in the antenatal or perinatal period (during pregnancy, childbirth or the first months of life). It affects a still maturing brain and causes a non-progressive motor disorder (paralysis, disorders of the coordination of the movement).
The most common causes of CP are prematurity or suffering of the newborn during childbirth. The brain injury is due to a blood circulation disorder resulting from ischemia (decreased blood supply) or hemorrhage. CP is not a genetic disease.
The first signs, often noted by the parents, are difficulties or a delay in the development of the motricity in the infant (holding of the head, to sit, to crawl, to stand up then to walk …). Other signs can be noted: stiff limbs, a hand that remains closed , disorders of language ,elocution or swallowing, discomfort with writing, can represent major handicaps. Similarly, independently of paralysis, there may be disorders of “praxies”, that is to say the ability to think a gesture or a series of gestures to achieve a specific action. Associated disorders may be epilepsy, language disorders or, more rarely, sensory disorders.
These children must get a benefit of rehabilitation guiding them in the learning of the motor possibilities (locomotion, speech, swallowing if these functions are affected), preventing the.